Pendopo is the forefront part of Javanese traditional house. It is open, without any insulation installed. The roof forms a joglo, a typical characteristic of Javanese roof. The roof is sustained by neatly arranged rectangular wooden beams (saka). There are 4 main pillars with larger size called saka guru in the middle of pendopo. Above the saka guru, laid special engraving to show social status of the possessor. Nowadays, pendopo functions as an auditorium. The only thing differentiates them is the philosophic values held by every part of pendopo. Like auditorium, pendopo is used as a public space to serve guests, hold residents meeting, show dance performances, and many others.
Every single Javanese traditional house has senthong, which is divided into 3 main parts; those are Senthong Tengen (right chamber), Senthong Kiwa (left chamber), and Senthong Tengah (central chamber). Each chamber holds dissimilar particular functions. Senthong Tengen is used as the owner’s bedroom, while Senthong Kiwa functions as the storeroom of household needs. Senthong Tengah is usually sacred and used to pray and meditate.
Pringgitan is a place between Pendopo and nDalem Ageng. Years ago, this place was used to perform puppet. The word “pringgitan” came from the Javanese word “ringgit”, which meant puppet; therefore, this place was named Pringgitan. Besides used to perform puppet, this place is used by noble families to welcome guests or to relax while enjoying cups of warm tea.
Kuncung is located in the front part of Javanese traditional house and usually lower than the pendopo. Kuncung is where the owner and guests stop their vehicles. Sometimes, kuncung is also used as a stage where people could watch performances. (source)
Generally, regol is used to call the gate of a traditional house. There are various shapes of regol, which is located nearly everywhere, such as in the front part of the house or in the rear part. In nDalem Kaneman, there are 2 regol: the west side and the east side regol. Regol symbolizes the majesty and social strata of the owners.
Museum HB IX
Sri Sultan HB IX was an admired king of Yogyakarta Palace. He was respected by his people, family, and children. His story of life and struggle inspired many people. He had done merits for Indonesia; therefore, he was given the title of Indonesia national hero. In this museum, you could witness special items of HB IX during his life and also his inspiring reminiscence.
Gamelan is one of Indonesia traditional music instruments. Gamelan has various kinds and styles, depending on where it comes from. There is Yogyakarta style of gamelan provided here, and it could not be separated from art and culture history of Yogyakarta. Many legendary Yogyakarta gamelan artists and traditional dancers were “born” here.